Emory International Law Review

Volume 29Issue 2
Theme Issue: Women in International Law

Between Saviors and Savages: The Effect of Turkey’s Revised Penal Code on the Transformation of Honor Killings into Honor Suicides and Why Community Discourse Is Necessary for Honor Crime Education

Bethany A. Corbin | 29 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 277 (2014)

Honor killings and honor suicides are culturally motivated causes of deaths of women in Turkey. These honor crimes occur after a family member violates a social or moral norm, such as premarital relationship, that brings shame and dishonor to the family. Both the Turkish media and general scholarship on honor killings argue that due to the revised Turkish Penal Code of 2004, which increased sentences for honor killing perpetrators and their family members, families have shifted from honor killings to honor suicides, encouraging the females to take their own lives as to minimize the penalization. This article seeks to rebut that notion of causal linkage through careful analysis of statistical data while offering alternate explanations that expose the deeper issue of the Turkish honor culture.

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The Impact of Situational Factors on Forum Choice and Criminal Justice System Development in Bangladesh

Kristina Lugo, Elizabeth A.M. Searing | 29 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 327 (2014)

Using a survey by the World Bank’s Justice and Development Initiative, Kristina Lugo and Elizabeth Searing examine whether crime victims’ choice of dispute resolution forum is more constrained by social factors, such as socioeconomic status, or by event-specific factors, such as direct economic loss from the crime itself. In Bangladesh’s pluralist legal environment of competing traditional and state venues, neoinstitutionalist-inspired development strategies overlook important factors and strategies that improve access to justice for those most hurt by crime. This study finds that crime victims who suffer greater economic harm resulting directly from the crime, as well as victims of violent crime, tend to engage the state criminal justice system rather exclusively utilizing the traditional system. After a historical comparison seeking to identify possible omitted structural variables, Lugo and Searing highlight the need to consider crime-event-specific factors, not just social-level problems, when designing rule-of-law programs in developing countries.

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