Emory International Law Review

EILR Recent DevelopmentsVolume 34
Fall Essays

Review Essay: The EU in Transition and Its Ramifications for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Philip C. Aka | 34 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 2001 (2019)

On June 23, 2016, British citizens voted in a non-binding referendum to leave the European Union (EU). The withdrawal, ever since adorned with the coinage “Brexit,” was a decision their leaders chose to enforce. In addition to being non-binding, the vote was close; it did not resemble the supermajority often associated with referendums. In the case of Scotland, for example, not one Scottish local government area voted to leave the EU, though Moray came close with 49.9% of the area voting for Brexit. Although Scotland as a whole rejected the referendum by 62%, the country represents only 8.4% of the United Kingdom’s (UK) population. As a result, its vote to stay in the EU, along with that of Northern Ireland (which accounts for 2.9% of the UK’s population), was heavily outweighed by the “Leave” votes of much-larger units England and Wales.

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