Emory Law Journal

Volume 60Issue 6

Entity and Identity

Usha Rodrigues | 60 Emory L.J. 1257 (2010)

The function, indeed the very existence, of nonprofit corporations is undertheorized. Recent literature suggests that only preferential tax treatment adequately accounts for the persistence of the nonprofit form. This explanation is incomplete. Drawing on psychology’s social identity theory, this Article posits that the nonprofit form can create a special “warm-glow” identity that cannot be replicated by the for-profit form. For example, a local nonprofit food cooperative sells more than the free-range eggs or organic strawberries that Whole Foods and other for-profits market so effectively. The co-op offers community participation and an investment in local farms, a distinctive ethos that is incompatible with the profit motive. Ascribing a special meaning to the nonprofit form allows us to view afresh a variety of issues regarding the appropriate legal treatment of nonprofits.

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A Sea Change off the Coast of Maine: Common Pool Resources as Cultural Property

Pammela Quinn Saunders | 60 Emory L.J. 1323 (2010)

In groundbreaking and award-winning research, social scientists have documented the power of small groups to manage common pool resources (CPRs). That research concludes that collective or communal ownership of CPRs may be optimal in certain circumstances. While group- and community-level rights have also sometimes been conceived in property law terms, these accounts have not focused on whether and how to protect existing groups whose successful management of CPRs has been documented. The idea that such a movement might occur, and what form it should take, is ripe for consideration and evaluation. In this Article, I use an initiative currently being advanced by a community of Maine lobstermen to create and illustrate a model that might be broadly used for the recognition of group-level property rights in communities, or other groups, that are the de facto stewards of CPRs.

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